The challenge of inclusion is also the challenge of adapting the legal system to the requirements of a Multiculturalism in Education society. Government of Nigeria’s official policy on Multiculturalism in Education. It translates into systematic scrutiny of the inherent cultural assumptions of the law and the legal system in order to identify ways in which they may inadvertently act to some detriment.
Multiculturalism in Education means different things to different people. Depending on the legal system, the claim of respect for the rights of minorities can take five different forms. First, acknowledging cultural diversity means that the freedom of certain groups to enjoy their own culture or religion should not be restricted unless it is necessary to protect the human rights of others.
Example of Multicultural Education
The rights of minorities to practice their religion and preserve their culture are protected by various conventions in international law.
Multiculturalism in Education, For example, Article 27 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights provides that in states where there are ethnic, religious, or linguistic minorities, persons belonging to such minorities should be allowed to join the community along with other members of their group. The right will not be deprived. Enjoy your culture, claim and practice your religion, and use your language.
It is subject to the eligibility contained in Article 18 (3), that the state reserves the right to impose restrictions on the exercise of the freedom of expression of people of religion or belief in the interest of public safety, discipline, health, or morality. It is necessary. , Or to protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of others.
In the Western legal and political tradition, minorities have the right to assemble. Laws that are specific to them or religious practices that are specific to them violate the principle of equality before the law.
However, laws that are neutral in their face and seem to have the universal application can discriminate against certain groups in practice by preventing them from enjoying their culture or using their religion.
Another aspect of Multiculturalism in Education that is reflected in international conventions and treaties is that governments must work to prevent discrimination on the basis of religion or race. Article 26 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights prohibits discrimination on the basis of race and nationality, as does the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
These international obligations are enforced through legislation such as the Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth). State anti-discrimination laws are also in line with the purposes of international conventions.
The third aspect is that the legal system should be accessible to people regardless of their cultural background and first language. If people from non-English speaking backgrounds are able to understand the court cases in which they are involved, it means that they will need the services of an interpreter in court and in the early stages of the legal process, e.g. Interviews with police and legal representatives.
Benefits of Multiculturalism
- Increased Awareness of Cultural Identity.
- Tolerance and Open-Mindedness.
- Creativity and Innovation.
Examples of multicultural education in the classroom
- Celebrate different cultural festivals.
- Attempt to learn a bit more about the different backgrounds of pupils in your class.
- Include a variety of books in your classroom book collection.
- Hold a food fair to celebrate different dishes from around the world.
The right to provide evidence through an interpreter is enshrined in the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, and professional interpreters are used at public expense. Defendants who do not understand what is being said in the case should also be provided with an interpreter. It may be necessary to expand the services of translators to other branches of the legal system.
The fourth possible aspect of Multiculturalism in Education and multiculturalism in relation to law is that government officials and courts must take into account specific cultural factors in the application of general land laws to individuals.
Thus, factors such as the importance of the child’s cultural development and the sense of identity in maintaining contact with his or her extended family should be taken into account in matters of child custody and access involving children of the same age. Can The consent or disapproval of a parent seeking custody in order to allow contact with the other parent’s family may be a key factor in the final decision.
- Attorney General Examples – Current Attorney General
- Company Law Example – Corporate Law and Companies Act
- Defense Law – Self Defense in Criminal Law Example
- Impossible Crime – Impossible Crime Example
In criminal cases, officials or courts may take into account the cultural context in which it is a crime to decide whether to prosecute, convict or punish. Certain concessions, whether real or illegal, may be granted to certain ethnic groups were interfering with their religious freedom and undermines any public benefit of applying the law to them.
For example, in a Multiculturalism in Education society, it is consistent with good policy that motorcyclists are generally required to wear protective helmets, in view of the objections of some communities for religious reasons. But they wear turbans, either by making them an exception. They should not be prosecuted using a helmet requirement or discretion.
Multicultural curriculum strategies for teachers
- Understand Your Students.
- Identify their Strengths and Weaknesses.
- Encourage Them to Share Real-Life Experiences.
- Organize Open Discussions.
- Plan Group Activities.
- Cultural Food Swap.
- Encourage Cultural Storytelling.
- Hold Multicultural Seminars & Events.
The fifth potential dimension of pluralism is that the law should reflect Nigeria’s Multiculturalism in Education approach to allow different communities to govern through their own laws where cultural values are prominent among different groups. Be different This fifth multicultural claim is controversial.
The basis for the sensitivity of Western conflicts with this principle, which is a fundamental basis of the Western legal system, is that all members of society should be governed by the same rules. Aside from adhering to the basic tenets of the Western legal tradition, there are other reasons why different communities are not allowed to govern under different legal principles.
The recognition and enforcement of certain cultural norms and rules by the country’s law may, in some cases, violate the principle that the government should protect the rights of vulnerable members of minority groups in ways that dominate culture. Imagine oppression.
The challenge of inclusion is also the challenge of adapting the legal system to the requirements of a Multiculturalism in Education society.